Characterization of polymer modified asphalt binders containing processed oil

Hemmati, Navid
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The current study investigates the impact of processed oil on asphalt binder PG 64-22 and conjugate of it with common modifiers such as Crumbed Rubber Modifier (CRM), Styrene-Isoprene-Styrene (SIS), Styrene-Butadiene-Styrene (SBS) and Petroleum Resin (PE). The binder was tested at different temperatures, and different amounts of modifiers and processed oil were added to the binder. The modified binders were also aged artificially using different procedures. The study found that adding processed oil to polymer modified binders reduces viscosity and improves workability, while the modifiers improve the rutting resistance of them, however, the addition of processed oil reduces the binder’s rutting performance due to decrement of viscosity. The study also found that the conjugating of modifying polymers and processed oil improves the low temperature cracking resistance. The study’s results indicate that co-modifying polymer binders with processed oil resulted in a significant reduction in viscosity values, resulting in improved workability. The results also showed that increasing the processed oil concentration from 6% to 12% caused a viscosity reduction in conjugation of CRM, SIS, SBS and PE. Even though the addition of processed oil results in a reduction in the rutting performance of asphalt binder, the addition of polymers significantly improved the rutting resistance of asphalt binders. The modified asphalt binders containing 6% and 12% processed oil decreased the G*sin δ values. This reduction caused improvement of fatigue cracking resistance of all binders modified with CRM, SIS, SBS and PE. The higher concentration of processed oil means 12% showed greater reduction rate compared to the asphalt binders containing 6% processed oil. The BBR results for modified asphalt binders showed that the incorporation of CRM, SIS, SBS and PE and processed oil improved the low temperature cracking resistance significantly, due to the high penetration rate of processed oil in asphalt binders during modification.
modified asphalt binder, rutting, fatigue cracking, processed oil, thermal cracking, Materials Science, Engineering, and Commercialization
Hemmati, N. (2023). Characterization of polymer modified asphalt binders containing processed oil (Unpublished dissertation). Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas.