The Delivery of Recreation Programs: Students Gain Entry Level Management Skills through Service Learning




Zimmermann, Jo An M.
Dupree, Jessica
Hodges, Jan S.

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Indiana University Office of Scholarly Publishing


Service learning is a well-established pedagogy within higher education. Specifically, service learning allows students to engage in 'real world' activities to practice skills and reflect upon their own competence. To enhance the effectiveness of service learning, instructors need to consider a multitude of learning influences. This study adhered to the tenants of the Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura, 1986; Schunk, 2004) to engage students in service learning activities related to entry level administrative competencies. Data analysis included a content analysis of reflection papers to determine how many times competencies expected of entry level recreation professionals were mentioned. Students perceived the acquisition of competencies consistent with entry level competencies identified within the recreation industry. Results contribute to the development of effective assignments to facilitate the acquisition of desired professional competencies.



recreation management, recreation planning, program planning, service-learning, recreation education, pre-service competencies, Health and Human Performance


Zimmermann, J. A., Dupree, J., & Hodges, J. (2014). The delivery of recreation programs: Students gain entry level management skills through service learning. Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 14(4), pp. 144-163.


Rights Holder

© 2014 Zimmermann, Dupree, Hodges.

Rights License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Rights URI