The Role of Oxygen in the Electrochemical Reduction of Ethyl 2-(2-(Bromomethyl)phenoxy)acetate at Carbon Cathodes in Dimethylformamide




Simon, Tamir
Vasquez, Antonio
Kelcher, Austin R.
Olivares, Jacob A.
Ji, Chang

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IOP Science


Cyclic voltammetry (CV) and controlled-potential electrolysis (CPE) were employed to examine the direct reduction of ethyl 2-(2-(bromomethyl)phenoxy)acetate at carbon cathodes in dimethylformamide (DMF) containing tetramethylammonium tetrafluoroborate (TMABF<sub>4</sub>) as the electrolyte. Cyclic voltammogram of the substrate exhibits a single irreversible cathodic wave with a peak potential of –1.75 V vs SCE, which is characteristic for the reduction of organic halides in aprotic solvents. Bulk electrolyses of ethyl 2-(2-(bromomethyl)phenoxy)acetate were carried out in the absence and presence of oxygen. The product distributions were obtained by gas chromatograph (GC) as well as gas chromatograph coupled to a mass spectrometer (GC−MS). Two bicyclic compounds, ethyl 2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-2-carboxylate and ethyl benzofuran-2-carboxylate, were found to be formed in a total yield of more than 40% in the presence of oxygen. The reaction mechanism, in which the oxygen plays a significant role, was proposed and discussed on the basis of this study.



carbon cathodes, dimethylformamide, electrochemical reduction, Chemistry and Biochemistry


Simon, T., Vasquez, A., Kelcher, A. R., Olivares, J. A., & Ji, C. (2020). The role of oxygen in the electrochemical reduction of ethyl 2-(2-(Bromomethyl)phenoxy)acetate at carbon cathodes in dimethylformamide. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 167(4).


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