Reforming Geography Education in Modern Russia
Gorbanyov, Vladimir A.
Barinova, Irina I.
The Grosvenor Center for Geographic Education
In recent years the level of secondary geography education in Russia has diminished. Geographical awareness at both the cultural and educational levels is reaching new lows. Education authorities are attempting to reduce geography's role in school curriculum. Since the 1980s, many geographic educators have developed new conceptions of geography education, several of which are reviewed in this article. However, the new conceptions of the discipline have not taken into account the radical changes both politically and educationally at the end of the 20th and beginning of the 21st centuries. The authors introduce two new conceptualizations of geography based on simplification and humanizing of the geography course. This requires the integration of physical and social geography. However, these conceptualizations are of little consequence unless the government radically changes the financial, organizational, and public relations support of the discipline.
geography, geography education, Russia, curriculum, teaching
Gorbanyov, V.A. & Barinova, I.I. (2006). Reforming geography education in modern Russia. Research in Geographic Research, 8, pp. 39-58.