Educator Sexual Misconduct: An Examination of Sanction Disparities Among Texas Female and Male Educators




Ali, Alvi

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While educator sexual misconduct (ESM) has garnered much attention in the media, there have only been a few empirical studies conducted on this topic. Information is limited because of a lack of standardized reporting policies and limited access to such data. Moreover, research on ESM has largely focused on male offenders, making it difficult to assess the sanction differences by sex. Therefore, sanction disparities between females and males who are accused of ESM are assessed in this research using data from the Texas Education Agency (TEA) database. It is hypothesized that female educators will have been given more lenient sanctions than male educators for having engaged in the same types of acts with students, whereby the findings of this research will show more support for the chivalry hypothesis than the evil women hypothesis. The results, however, indicate that there were no statistically significant differences between the sanctions of female and male educators accused of ESM.



Educator sexual misconduct, Sex (male/female), Sanctions, Disparities


Ali, A. (2022). <i>Educator sexual misconduct: An examination of sanction disparities among Texas female and male educators</i> (Unpublished thesis). Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas.


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