Water Grand Challenges: Formal Water Education in Texas




Warren, Emily

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In Texas, all formal water resource curriculum adheres to the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) that are developed through the Texas Education Agency (TEA). The State Board of Education (SBOE) forms a TEKS review committee comprised of community members who have “expertise in the subject matter in which he or she is appointed [as reviewer].” These standards clarify what students should know upon graduation from elementary, middle, and high school in all subjects including science and water-related studies. In 2009, the science TEKS were revised to include a more interdisciplinary approach to science and resource management. Introductory science courses in elementary and middle school integrate water resources into general science, but formal aquatic science is only available to high school students in grades 10 and above (see table 2).



water quality, water resource curriculum, conservation, education, outreach


Warren, E. (2013). Water grand challenges: Formal water education in Texas (Report No. 2013-22). Texas State University-San Marcos, San Marcos, Texas.


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