Characteristics and Management of the Scimitar-horned Oryx (Oryx dammah) in Texas




Scrivner, Karen L.

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Little is known about the ecology of the scimitar-horned oryx {Oryx dammah) in Texas or elsewhere in the United States, even though it is a common exotic antelope in Texas. The scimitar-homed oryx is an important species in Texas not only because of its economic and aesthetic value, but also because Texas herds may be essential in the propagation of this endangered species. The scimitar-homed oryx is a sub-desert animal, and primarily a grazer. It can withstand temperature extremes along with arid environments, and, is therefore well suited to survive in regions throughout Texas. Private ranches in Texas provide a unique opportunity for the recovery of this species along with gathering vital information on maintaining and managing a viable herd. The largest herd of scimitar-homed oryx with genetically known origins is located in Texas at the Selah, Bamberger Ranch Preserve. This ranch is part of the Species Survival Program. Vital information on behavior and food habits has been obtained by observing this herd. More information about the species is imperative for the survival and perpetuation of this species.



Oryx, exotic animals, range management


Scrivner, K. L. (2003). Characteristics and management of the scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah) in Texas (Unpublished thesis). Southwest Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas.


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