Fly Ash-Based Eco-Efficient Concretes: A Comprehensive Review of the Short-Term Properties




Amran, Mugahed
Fediuk, Roman
Murali, Gunasekaran
Avudaiappan, Siva
Ozbakkaloglu, Togay
Vatin, Nikolai
Karelina, Maria
Klyuev, Sergey
Gholampour, Aliakbar

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute


Development of sustainable concrete as an alternative to conventional concrete helps in reducing carbon dioxide footprint associated with the use of cement and disposal of waste materials in landfill. One way to achieve that is the use of fly ash (FA) as an alternative to ordinary Portland cement (OPC) because FA is a pozzolanic material and has a high amount of alumina and silica content. Because of its excellent mechanical properties, several studies have been conducted to investigate the use of alkali-activated FA-based concrete as an alternative to conventional concrete. FA, as an industrial by-product, occupies land, thereby causing environmental pollution and health problems. FA-based concrete has numerous advantages, such as it has early strength gaining, it uses low natural resources, and it can be configurated into different structural elements. This study initially presents a review of the classifications, sources, chemical composition, curing regimes and clean production of FA. Then, physical, fresh, and mechanical properties of FA-based concretes are studied. This review helps in better understanding of the behavior of FA-based concrete as a sustainable and eco-friendly material used in construction and building industries.



alkali-activated material, fly ash, short-term strengths, pozzolanic, properties, utilizations, Ingram School of Engineering


Amran, M., Fediuk, R., Murali, G., Avudaiappan, S., Ozbakkaloglu, T., Vatin, N., Karelina, M., Klyuev, S., & Gholampour, A. (2021). Fly ash-based eco-efficient concretes: A comprehensive review of the short-term properties. Materials, 14(15), 4264.


Rights Holder

Rights License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Rights URI