The Development, Validation, and Reliability of SAM: A Tool for Measurement of Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity in School Physical Education




Surapiboonchai, Kampol

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There is a lack of valid and reliable low cost observational instruments to measure moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in school physical education (PE). The participants in this study were third to tenth grade boys and girls from a south Texas school district. The SAM (Simple Activity Measurement) activity levels were compared with heart rates (HR). It was found that the SAM instrument was feasible and effective at determining MVPA in school-based PE classes as compared to HR monitoring. The results suggest that the SAM is a user-friendly tool that provides an economical and effective tool to measure student school-based PE, MVPA levels. The findings support SAM as an affordable alternative for schools to assess the MVPA levels of students in PE who cannot afford measurement technologies like HR monitoring. The SAM is not limited to students only. SAM can assess PA of adults also.



exercise for children, physical fitness for children, heart rate monitoring


Surapiboonchai, K. (2010). The development, validation, and reliability of SAM: A tool for measurement of moderate to vigorous physical activity in school physical education (Unpublished dissertation). Texas State University-San Marcos, San Marcos, Texas.


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