The Archaeology of Skiles Shelter (41VV165): A Long-Term Rockshelter Plant Baking Facility in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas

dc.contributor.advisorBlack, Stephen L.
dc.contributor.authorHeisinger, Bryan E.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberBousman, C. Britt
dc.contributor.committeeMemberKilby, James D.
dc.description.abstractSkiles Shelter (41VV165) is located at the mouth of Eagle Nest Canyon, roughly 250 meters northwest from the Rio Grande in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of southwest Texas. Skiles Shelter is characterized by a fading panel of Pecos River Style rock art, numerous bedrock milling features, and a massive burned rock midden (BRM) accumulation of fire cracked rock (FCR) and cultural refuse. In 2013 and 2014, archaeologists with the Ancient Southwest Texas Project (ASWT) of Texas State University carried out extensive excavations in Skiles Shelter to better understand the rockshelter and how its archaeological deposits formed. Based on the initial excavation results, Skiles Shelter was hypothesized to have been used primarily as an earth oven facility for the baking and processing of plant and animal foods. This thesis further explores Skiles Shelter’s use as an earth oven facility through the examination of artifacts, samples, and data from the 2013 and 2014 excavations.
dc.format.extent323 pages
dc.format.medium1 file (.pdf)
dc.identifier.citationHeisinger, B. E. (2019). <i>The archaeology of Skiles Shelter (41VV165): A long-term rockshelter plant baking facility in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas</i> (Unpublished thesis). Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas.
dc.subjectLower Pecos Canyonlands
dc.subjectLithic analysis
dc.subjectGround stone analysis
dc.subjectEarth ovens
dc.subjectBurned rock middens
dc.subjectLate Prehistoric
dc.subjectEarth oven facilty
dc.subjectSkiles shelter
dc.subjectTexas archaeology
dc.subjectAncient Southwest Texas project
dc.subjectEagle Nest Canyon
dc.subjectHeating element
dc.subjectPlant processing
dc.subjectEarth oven quantification
dc.subject.lcshExcavations (Archaeology--Texas
dc.subject.lcshPecos River (N.M. and Texas)
dc.titleThe Archaeology of Skiles Shelter (41VV165): A Long-Term Rockshelter Plant Baking Facility in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas
dc.typeThesis State University of Arts