Effects of Attention on Subsequent Preference Judgments in Young Adults and Healthy Older Adults

dc.contributor.advisorDeason, Rebecca
dc.contributor.authorStephenson, Katelyn R.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberEtherton, Joseph
dc.contributor.committeeMemberKelemen, William
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-12T15:53:21Z
dc.date.available2019-11-12T15:53:21Z
dc.date.issued2017-08
dc.description.abstractThe mere exposure effect, the tendency to like items that have been previously encountered more than new items, has been explored in great detail in many studies. Many effects are known to modulate the mere exposure effect, such as attention, amount and number of exposures, and certain personality traits. Recently, an attentional manipulation called the distractor devaluation effect has been shown to decrease preference for ignored stimuli. We conducted two experiments to investigate how attentional manipulations would affect the subsequent preference for attended, ignored, and new words. Aging often impacts performance on tasks requiring attention so we examined both young adults and healthy older adults. Results from both Experiment 1 and Experiment 2 showed the mere exposure effect, with older words being liked more than new words. When separating out attended versus ignored old words, we observed differences in the mere exposure effect between Experiment 1 and Experiment 2. In Experiment 1, we found attended words were liked significantly more than new and ignored words, whereas, in Experiment 2, there was no significant differences seen when comparing attended, ignored, and new words. In Experiment 1, we also observed an interaction between age and word condition. While both age groups found the attended words most likable, young adults liked the new words the least whereas older adults liked the ignored words the least. These differences show that there are still important questions to be answered regarding preferences and the role of attention.
dc.description.departmentPsychology
dc.formatText
dc.format.extent70 pages
dc.format.medium1 file (.pdf)
dc.identifier.citationStephenson, K. R. (2017). <i>Effects of attention on subsequent preference judgments in young adults and healthy older adults</i> (Unpublished thesis). Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10877/8775
dc.language.isoen
dc.subjectMemory
dc.subjectMere exposure
dc.subjectPreferences
dc.subjectAttention
dc.subjectAging
dc.titleEffects of Attention on Subsequent Preference Judgments in Young Adults and Healthy Older Adults
dc.typeThesis
thesis.degree.departmentPsychology
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychological Research
thesis.degree.grantorTexas State University
thesis.degree.levelMasters
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Arts

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