Leveraging mHealth and Wearable Sensors to Manage Alcohol Use Disorders: A Systematic Literature Review




Kruse, Clemens S.
Betancourt, Jose
Madrid, Stephanie
Lindsey, Christopher
Wall, Vanessa

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This study centers Treatments for AUD can be both inpatient and outpatient, and they often must be tailored to the individual. Wearable sensors have the ability to observe behavior and physiological constructs and combine them with location tracking. Tracking gait and sweat can provide feedback on abstinence and intoxication. A continuous growth of research combined with the rapid growth of technology compels scientists to systematically summarize available research and synthesize evidence. The study team found that most interventions resulted in a positive outcome (reduced depression, increased satisfaction, increased accessibility, increase quality of life, and decreased cost. Interventions included mobile health apps, eHealth (computer programs), telephone intervention, and 2-way video. The authors used articles for analysis that were published in the last 10 years in peer-reviewed academic journals and in the English language. The articles must include participants who are adults (18+ years). Four data sources were queried: PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Science Direct. The study team used the Boolean search string in all databases, filtered the results, and screened the abstracts for applicability, in accordance with the Kruse Protocol. Studies were removed that did not address the objective statement. While not all mHealth interventions demonstrated statistically significant reduction in alcohol consumption, most are still clinically effective to treat AUD and provide a patient with their preference of a technologically inclined treatment Most interventions require training of users and some technology literacy, the barriers identified were very few compared with the litany of positive results.



alcohol use disorder, eHealth, mHealth, substance use disorder, telemedicine, wearable sensors


Kruse, C. S., Betancourt, J. A., Madrid, S., Lindsey, C. W., & Wall, V. (2023). Leveraging mHealth and wearable sensors to manage alcohol use disorders: A systematic literature review. Poster presented at the Health Scholar Showcase, Translational Health Research Center, San Marcos, Texas.


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