In Nursing What Characteristics Impact Post Traumatic Growth: A Systematic Review [paper]
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics that both positively and negatively affect post traumatic growth in nurses working in direct patient care. Nurses experience post traumatic and secondary traumatic in the workplace daily. Negative factors increase nursing rates of depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and suicide. A systematic review of seven primary research articles with a total sample size of 1494 was completed to investigate elements impacting post traumatic growth scores. Stigmatization and lack of formal counseling and treatment are key negative factors in helping nurses seek treatment for mental health. Programs and policy need to be improved at local and national level to include education and training to that will increase nursing treatment options and improve post traumatic growth. Education of nurses of all experience levels reduce stigma for seeking mental health treatment will improve quality of life both personally and professionally. Routine screening and monitoring of nurse’s help identify individuals who are affected negatively by work related trauma and proactive approaches improve long-term outcomes and improve post traumatic growth. Innovative approaches for individualized treatment options improving effective coping and minimizing negative effects of trauma are beneficial to all nurses at the bedside. It is necessary to strengthen policy within institutions for mental health education, training, and treatment to improve nursing quality of life, reduce fatigue, improve mental health symptoms of post-traumatic stress to create a positive and psychological safe work environment.
nurses, post-traumatic growth, characteristics, suicide, mental health, Nursing
Payne, D. (2022). In nurses what characteristics impact post traumatic growth: A systematic review [paper]. St. David's School of Nursing, Texas State University.