Microsimulation of Evacuation Strategies
Most existing evacuation research is based on macro approaches which treat traffic flow as static and deterministic at aggregated levels; traffic dynamics and human behavior are overlooked. Thus, the results based on macrosimulation techniques are often unreliable. On the contrary, by simulating traffic flows on the individual-driver basis at the micro scale, agent-based modeling techniques take into account interactions and traffic dynamics, therefore presenting evacuation situations closer to reality. This study employed agent-based microsimulation techniques to model evacuation traffic flows, and investigated the relationship between evacuation sequence, evacuation response rate, transportation facilities, and the effectiveness of evacuation strategies.
emergency management, traffic flow, natural disasters
Chen, X. (2006). Microsimulation of evacuation strategies (Unpublished dissertation). Texas State University-San Marcos, San Marcos, Texas.