Effects of Cognitive Skills Training on Recidivism Rates on a Sample of Adult Probationers in Texas




Mardock, Steven L.

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This study attempted to determine the effects of the Reasoning and Rehabilitation Cognitive Skills Training Program on recidivism rates on a sample of offenders serving probated terms. Twenty four subjects received the Cognitive Skills Training, 31 received the Crossroads Lifeskills Program and 15 received no treatment. Results showed no differences in recidivism rates overall nor by risk level between all three groups over a three month period. However, there was evidence the cognitive program was more effective with those subjects who evidenced Strategies for Case Supervision environmental structuring or casework control type characteristics. The analysis further revealed the group that was most deficient in social cognitive skills failed to complete the treatment. Suggestions are offered in response to the dropout problem as well as for future replications. Historical patterns of unemployment, limited vocational skills and illicit drug use were found to be associated with higher recidivism rates. Methodological limitations are also discussed.



recidivism, probation, criminals, rehabilitation, cognitive skills


Mardock, S. L. (1994). Effects of cognitive skills training on recidivism rates on a sample of adult probationers in Texas (Unpublished thesis). Southwest Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas.


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