A Report Card on Prevention Efforts of COVID-19 Deaths in US




Shanmugam, Ramalingam
Fulton, Lawrence V.
Ramamonjiarivelo, Zo
Betancourt, Jose
Beauvais, Bradley
Kruse, Clemens S.
Brooks, Matthew

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute


COVID-19 (otherwise known as coronavirus disease 2019) is a life-threatening pandemic that has been combatted in various ways by the government, public health officials, and health care providers. These interventions have been met with varying levels of success. Ultimately, we question if the preventive efforts have reduced COVID-19 deaths in the United States. To address this question, we analyze data pertaining to COVID-19 deaths drawn from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). For this purpose, we employ incidence rate restricted Poisson (IRRP) as an underlying analysis methodology and evaluate all preventive efforts utilized to attempt to reduce COVID-19 deaths. Interpretations of analytic results and graphical visualizations are used to emphasize our various findings. Much needed modifications of the public health policies with respect to dealing with any future pandemics are compiled, critically assessed, and discussed.



modeling, data analysis, assessment, effectiveness, incidence rate, restriction, Health Administration


Shanmugam, R., Fulton, L., Ramamonjiarivelo, Z., Betancourt, J., Beauvais, B., Kruse, C. S., & Brooks, M. S. (2021). A report card on prevention efforts of COVID-19 deaths in US. healthcare, 9(9), 1175.


Rights Holder

© 2021 The Authors.

Rights License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Rights URI