Bound states of the discrete Schrödinger equation with compactly supported potentials




Aktosun, Tuncay
Choque-Rivero, Abdon E.
Papanicolaou, Vassilis

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Texas State University, Department of Mathematics


The discrete Schrödinger operator is considered on the half-line lattice n ∈ {1, 2, 3,...} with the Dirichlet boundary condition at n =0. It is assumed that the potential belongs to class Ab, i.e. it is real valued, vanishes when n > b with b being a fixed positive integer, and is nonzero at n = b. The proof is provided to show that the corresponding number of bound states, N, must satisfy the inequalities 0 ≤ N ≤ b. It is shown that for each fixed nonnegative integer k in the set {0, 1, 2,..., b}, there exist infinitely many potentials in class Ab for which the corresponding Schrödinger operator has exactly k bound states. Some auxiliary results are presented to relate the number of bound states to the number of real resonances associated with the corresponding Schrödinger operator. The theory presented is illustrated with some explicit examples.



Discrete Schrödinger operator, Half-line lattice, Bound states, Resonances, Compactly-supported potential, Number of bound states


Aktosun, T., Choque-Rivero, A. E., & Papanicolaou, V. G. (2019). Bound states of the discrete Schrödinger equation with compactly supported potentials. Electronic Journal of Differential Equations, 2019(23), pp. 1-19.


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