The Great Soul and the Great Heart: Mohandas Gandhi and Hermann Kallenbach in South Africa
Smith, Danielle P.
An outcry erupted shortly after the publication of Joseph J. Lelyveld's biography 'Great Soul: Mahatma Gandhi and His Struggle With India.' The book was banned in India prior to publication because Indian politicians felt the book described Mohandas Gandhi having a homosexual affair with a male friend, Hermann Kallenbach. This thesis explores the origin of this outcry. It then considers the historical and cultural contexts of Gandhi and Kallenbach's friendship in order to assess the validity of a homosexual affair between the two men.
Gandhi, Kallenbach, South Africa, Homosexuality, British Empire
Smith, D. P. (2015). <i>The great soul and the great heart: Mohandas Gandhi and Hermann Kallenbach in South Africa</i> (Unpublished thesis). Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas.