Emergency Department Nurses’ Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Infant Pain and Pain Management and Perceptions of Certified Child Life Practitioners




Wheeler, Kayci

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The present study examines Emergency Department nurses’ perceptions of infant pain management and their perceptions of consulting and engaging with certified child life specialists (CCLS). Participants consisted of 29 registered nurses that currently work in pediatric emergency departments. Participants completed an online survey that assessed participants' perceptions of the child life specialist role, use of nonpharmacological pain management, and their knowledge and attitudes regarding pediatric pain and pain management. Results revealed that pediatric nurses’ knowledge and attitudes toward pain management in children varied by level of education and amount of experience working in pediatrics. Findings also suggest that most nurses recognize the significant impact that child life specialists have on the psychosocial wellbeing of patients and families but might not recognize fully how child life interventions can improve the physical well-being of patients. Study implications for practice are discussed.



child life specialist, pain management, child life, infant pain, infant pain management, infant child life interventions


Wheeler, K. L. (2023). Emergency department nurses’ knowledge and attitudes regarding infant pain and pain management and perceptions of certified child life practitioners (Unpublished thesis). Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas.


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