Interrelations between After-School Settings and the Delinquency and Emotional-Behavioral Problems of Elementary School Children: Findings from Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study




Park, Hyejoon
Guo, Siying
Choi, Shinwoo
Noh, Keeyoon

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute


Even though there are different types of after-school settings, numerous studies have focused on formal after-school settings (i.e., after-school programs or ASPs) and their association with children’s academic, physical, and social-emotional behaviors. The few findings from informal settings are also outdated. To bridge this gap, our study aimed to locate the interrelations between after-school settings and the behavioral outcomes of children with a particular emphasis on children’s delinquency and emotional-behavioral problems. We used the U.S. national dataset, fifth wave of Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing (nine-year follow-up), with the binary logistic and ordinary least square regression analyses. With a sample size of 3320, we found that children in parental care were reported to commit less delinquency than children in ASPs. Also, children in non-adult care were reported to have more emotional-behavioral problems than children in ASPs. Educators, school social workers, and policymakers should consider the impact of ASPs on children whose parents are not able to spend significant amounts of time with them. In particular, public assistance should be utilized in such a way that helps parents to achieve their children’s positive behavioral outcomes. At the same time, government and community assistance should be provided to enhance the quality of ASPs for the positive results of emotional-behavioral problems of elementary school students.



after-school programs, parental care, race/ethnicity, emotional-behavioral problems, delinquency, Social Work


Park, H., Guo, S., Choi, S., & Noh, K. (2020). Interrelations between after-school settings and the delinquency and emotional-behavioral problems of elementary school children: Findings from fragile families and child wellbeing study. Social Sciences, 9(9), 161.


Rights Holder

© 2020 The Authors.

Rights License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Rights URI