The Relationships between Regulatory Focus, Hassles, and Perceived Stress Levels in Undergraduate Students




Moran, Breanna R.

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Regulatory Focus Theory is a motivation orientation theory that states that the types of goals an individual will set depends on their regulatory focus. Individuals with a prevention-oriented focus are more likely to set goals that focus on fulfilling obligations and maintaining one’s security. Those with a more promotion-oriented focus are likely to set goals related to meeting aspirations or aspiring to be the best that they can be. Previous studies observing individual’s regulatory focus have observed the relationships between regulatory foci and work performance, psychological and physiological stress, and creativity and challenge stressors. Results of this study support previous studies’ claims that regulatory foci are related to stress. It was also found that there are individuals who express both regulatory foci, and there are significant differences in the number of hassles experienced, the severity of those hassles, and amount of stress perceived depending on the levels of regulatory foci. Future research in this area could observe the possible relationships between regulatory foci and parenting styles or context-framing of goals.



Regulatory focus, Prevention focus, Promotion focus, Hassle assessment, Hassle frequency, Hassle severity, Perceived stress


Moran, B. R. (2021). The relationships between regulatory focus, hassles, and perceived stress levels in undergraduate students</i> (Unpublished thesis). Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas.


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