A Comparison of Epoxy Adhesives to Common Nails as Fastening Methods in Selected Structural Applications of Wood-Frame Construction




Brunsting, Amy R.

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title



The problem of this study was to experimentally compare the strength upon failure of structural wood joints fastened with epoxy to that of structural wood joints fastened with common nails. The design of this study was a 2 x 5 factorial that included two independent variables, fastening method and joint type. Seven specimen of each joint type were fastened with 3M Scotch-weld 2216 B/A Epoxy and seven specimen of each joint type were also fastened with 16 penny common nails. A Vega Universal Testing Machine was used to measure the maximum joint strength. The data were analyzed using an analysis of variance. An interaction between joint type and fastening method was indicated by the analysis of variance, so Tukey's pairwise comparison was applied to the data to characterize the interaction. This comparison showed that two of the joints were stronger when epoxied, one was stronger when fastened with common nails and two joints showed no significant difference between fastening methods. This study concluded that the method of loading and the joint configuration interacts with the fastening method which indicates that each fastening method may be differentially suited for a particular application.



adhesive joints, nails, spikes


Brunsting, A.R. (1989). A comparison of epoxy adhesives to common nails as fastening methods in selected structural applications of wood-frame construction (Unpublished thesis). Southwest Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas.


Rights Holder

Rights License

Rights URI