Brief Report: Recent Trends in Prescription Drug Misuse in the United States by Age, Race/Ethnicity, and Sex


Background and Objectives: To examine changes in the U.S. past-year opioid, stimulant, and benzodiazepine prescription drug misuse (PDM) and poly-PDM by demographics. Methods: Data were from the 2015-19 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (N=282,768), examining annualized PDM change by demographics. Results: Opioid and Poly-PDM significantly declined among those under 35 years, White, and Multiracial residents. Discussion and Conclusion: Age and race/ethnicity are important moderators of recent PDM trends, warranting investigation of mechanisms. Scientific Significance: Results highlight ongoing PDM declines in younger groups but expand the literature by showing limited changes in adults 35 and older and non-opioid PDM.



opioid, benzodiazepine, stimulant, sex, race/ethnicity, age group, prescription drug misuse, Psychology


Schepis, T. S., McCabe, S. E., & Ford, J. A. (2021). Brief report: Recent trends in prescription drug misuse in the United States by age, race/ethnicity, and sex. Manuscript in preparation.


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