Predictors of Middle School Students' Interest in Participating in an Incentive-Based Tobacco Prevention and Cessation Program in Connecticut




Morean, Meghan E.
Camenga, Deepa R.
Kong, Grace
Cavallo, Dana A.
Schepis, Ty S.
Krishnan-Sarin, Suchitra

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Hindawi Publishing Corporation


Behavioral incentives have been used to encourage smoking cessation in older adolescents, but the acceptability of incentives to promote a smoke-free lifestyle in younger adolescents is unknown. To inform the development of novel, effective, school-based interventions for youth, we assessed middle school students' interest in participating in an incentive-based tobacco abstinence program. We surveyed 988 students (grades 6-8) attending three Connecticut middle schools to determine whether interest in program participation varied as a function of (1) intrapersonal factors (i.e., demographic characteristics (sex, age, race), smoking history, and trait impulsivity) and/or (2) aspects of program design (i.e., prize type, value, and reward frequency). Primary analyses were conducted using multiple regression. A majority of students (61.8%) reported interest in program participation. Interest did not vary by gender, smoking risk status, or offering cash prizes. However, younger students, non-Caucasian students, behaviorally impulsive students, and students with higher levels of self-regulation were more likely to report interest. Inexpensive awards (e.g., video games) offered monthly motivated program interest. In sum, middle school students reported high levels of interest in an incentive-based program to encourage a tobacco-free lifestyle. These formative data can inform the design of effective, incentive-based smoking cessation and prevention programs in middle schools.



tobacco prevention, incentive-based programs, cessation programs, Connecticut, Psychology


Morean, M. E., Camenga, D. R., Kong, G., Cavallo, D. A., Schepis, T. S., & Krishnan-Sarin, S.. (2014). Predictors of middle school students’ interest in participating in an incentive-based tobacco prevention and cessation program in Connecticut. Journal of Addiction, 2014(915652).


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© 2014 Meghan E. Morean et al.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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