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ItemA Baker’s Dozen of Influential and Exemplar Pre-2000 Publications for the College Reading and Study Strategies Field(Texas State University, The Education Institute, 2022-09-26) Stahl, Norman; Armstrong, SonyaThroughout the 20th century, a limited number of scholarly oriented books and monographs were issued that should have had great influence on later theory, research, and praxis associated with the college reading and study strategies field. Yet, these works have been, at least to some extent, lost to the winds of time. The lessons that can be learned from each text are important as we move through the reform era of the first three decades of the 21st century. This manuscript is intended to provide a review of selected foundational works of the 20th century of which early-career and established scholars in the field of college reading and learning strategies should have a working knowledge. ItemA Comparative Analysis of Geographical Education in Japan and Myanmar(The Grosvenor Center for Geographic Education, 2002-05) Win, Hla HlaTo assess the current status of geographical education in Myanmar’s junior high school curriculum, the geographical education of Japan was used as a comparative reference. The standards measured in the Survey on the State of Geographical Education around the World, conducted by the International Geographical Union in 1999-2000, provided the criteria for comparison. A small survey was also carried out to confirm the comparative assessments made by this researcher for both of the countries. The current geographical education of Japan was found to be more adequate for preparing active twenty-first century citizens. The current geographical education of Myanmar needs to be developed to meet international standards and the policy of the country. ItemA Discipline of Synthesis? Research into Geography’s Subject Matter Content and Disciplinary Identities(The Grosvenor Center for Geographic Education, 2001-05) Rutherford, David J.No abstract prepared. ItemA Future Hopeful and Strange: Making, Speculative Design, and Defamiliarizing the Present(2018-10-04) Lohmeyer, EdwinThis presentation for the 2018 Digital Frontiers Annual Conference is part a panel session, "Building Supportive Communities: Methods and Perspectives on Promoting Inclusivity, Intersectionality, and Interdisciplinarity in the Digital Humanities." ItemA Message from the Editors. Research Studies: How Long and How Often(The Grosvenor Center for Geographic Education, 2001-05) Stoltman, Joseph P.; DeChano, Lisa M.; Rutherford, David J.There is considerable discussion in the professional literature of education that decisions regarding what instructional materials are used in schools, the ages at which they are used, and the pedagogical-content that engages students with the instructional materials would benefit from research. This has been especially evident in the fields of reading and mathematics education, two fields that provide evidence of research as evidenced by the Chicago Math and the phonics versus whole language research in reading. Two elements of the research in those curriculum areas present an impressive model: 1) their longitudinal aspects, or several decades of consistent reporting, and 2) their reliance upon replication of research studies. New research ventures in geographic education form the paradigm that has been used throughout most of its history. This means that new ideas are conceived, a research study is designed and completed, and a report or article is published. While we need new venture research, we have not pursued longitudinal and replication research in geographic education. Both of the latter are essential if we are to gain research legitimacy and recognition among our colleagues and in the eyes of the public, and in the eyes of organizations that fund research. ItemA Message from the Editors: Geography Education Research and Research Funding(The Grosvenor Center for Geographic Education, 2002-05) Stoltman, Joseph P.; DeChano, Lisa M.Research that is of high quality and that presents meaningful results requires resources. Requests for Proposals (RFPs), invitations to participate in innovative programs, and floating an interesting research idea past a private or governmental funding agency are the means that we normally consider. On this side of the editors' desks, it is apparent to us that the resources required for quality research in geographic education come from a range of sources. The most common source of funding that moves a research project to completion is human capital. Yes, most research that is submitted is completed by a scholar or scholarly team. The researchers have used their own time in completing the research. There are few citations, such as “This research was funded by a major grant from ...” on the title page indicating that external resources were used. One could argue whether or not research should rely on the personal capital of the researcher in terms of time and skill. However, in geographic education the reality is that personal capital is what gets a research project underway, sees it to completion, and presents it as a manuscript. It seems that the personal/professional resources for research in geography education are going to be dominant in the foreseeable future. (The equation: total personal/professional capital in terms of time and necessary resources is greater than those procured by research funding). ItemA Model-based Test for Treatment Comparison based on Left-truncated and Interval-censored Survival Data(2023-04) Zhao, Qiang; Wang, YiIn this research, we develop a new model-based test to compare treatments based on left-truncated and interval-censored (LTIC) data. ItemA Phonologically Based Reading Intervention for Undergraduate English Language Learners At-Risk of Reading Difficulties: A Pilot Study(Texas State University Education Institute, 2023-03-31) Cook, Michelle; Hughes, ElizabethResearchers have reported that English language learners (ELLs) may be at risk of reading difficulties in the postsecondary setting. Although some students may only require explicit content-related vocabulary instruction and support with comprehension strategies in order to enhance comprehension, others may benefit from targeted short-term intervention in foundational reading skills. In this study, we examined whether a phonologically based reading intervention for undergraduate ELLs at-risk of reading difficulties would result in significant between-group differences for the proximal variables of decoding and sight word recognition and the distal variable of reading comprehension. This pilot quasi-experimental group design study involved 9 participants (treatment = 6/control = 3) from various L1 backgrounds, including Chinese, Spanish, and Arabic. Effect sizes were calculated for the proximal variables using measures of word attack and letter-word identification, and the distal variable based on a measure of passage comprehension. Although a small and small-medium effect were calculated for the measures of word attack and letter-word identification, respectively, no effect was found for the measure of passage comprehension. Implications related to intervention dosage and additional intervention components are discussed. ItemA Review of Demographic Trends for Texas and the United States(Texas State University, The Education Institute, 2018-10) Hodges, Russ; Payne, Emily Miller; Suh, Emily; Hernandez, Patricia; Wu, Na; Castillo, Amarilis; Shetron, Tamara H.This article provides a review of current and future demographic trends for Texas and the nation including the ongoing discrepancy between enrollment and retention/completion. Students entering postsecondary education embody America’s growing diversity in language, ethnicity, age, gender, religion, sexual orientation, ability, and socioeconomic status. Demographic research findings support the importance of the role played by developmental educators in continuing to address the changing needs of students. Recommendations include the need for K-12 and postsecondary developmental educators to continue collaborating on college readiness initiatives, academic support services including career pathway advising, better alignment between 2- and 4-year institutions, developing cultural competence, and continuing research to improve support of underserved and diverse student populations. ItemA Schema Theoretical Approach to Understanding Map Readings(The Grosvenor Center for Geographic Education, 1999-05) Maier, JoanThis two-year study employed a modified grounded theory research methodology. Two questions guided this study: 1.) Could schema theory explain map reading? 2.) Could schemata and processing strategies for map reading be identified and characterized? The subjects voluntarily interpreted a familiar and then an unfamiliar map followed by probing questions that query the subject to think “out loud” in order to clarify their voluntary responses. Individual subjects 'protocols were compiled for constant comparative analysis. These procedures resulted in (1) evidence that supports the application of schema theory to explain map reading; and the development of schemata and processing strategies categories. ItemA Snapshot in Time: TXST undergraduate Student Veterans Capture Well-Being via Photo Taking(2023-04) Clary, Kelly; Selber, Katherine; Ortiz, Rachel; West, BryanStudent Veterans face unique challenges transitioning to civilian life and higher education; Challenges related to well-being and mental health have changed and increased due to the COVID-19 global pandemic. Background: Photovoice methodology is an innovative and creative approach to understanding new phenomena. Aims: Understand how TXST student veterans conceptualize and experience well-being; Examine the benefits of using photovoice methodology. ItemA Twitter Case Study: The Spreadability of the Viral Chilean Feminist Anthem #UnVioladorEnTuCamino(2021-04) Blanco, Clarice A.Digital Activism has become notorious for not creating real change and, instead, creating Slacktivist or Clicktivist who consider the passive actions of sharing and liking social justice posts as real activism. Boots on the ground, picket lines, and marches are the traditional get-off-your-ass type of activism that enacts real change, or so we thought. This study explores a moment in which social media activism creates change by building a collective voice, community, and bringing awareness to gendered violence and gender inequalities—topics not usually discussed in public or private spaces. To understand how the #UnVioladorEnTuCamino anthem and Twitter movement became a global social media activism movement, the author rhetorically analyzed several Twitter posts from the beginning of the movement in November of 2019 to early 2020, as it is ongoing and still referenced online. The results of this study indicate the simplicity of use, convenience, and accessibility of Twitter internationalized this anthem and message. These results suggest the spreadability of the hashtag #UnVioladorEnTuCamino is in direct relation with the easy-to-use social media platform that already had a reputation for social activism, as well as an anonymous space provided to discuss such controversial topics of gendered violence and gender inequalities. On this basis, it is important to note the #UnVioladorEnTuCamino movement does not behave like traditional social media activism movements; it began as live performances, shifted to being shared on Twitter, and eventually adapted to Twitter by being performed and discussed for the online space. ItemAn abstract approach to some spectral problems of direct sum differential operators(Southwest Texas State University, Department of Mathematics, 2003-07-10) Sokolov, Maksim S.In this paper, we study the common spectral properties of abstract self-adjoint direct sum operators, considered in a direct sum Hilbert space. Applications of such operators arise in the modelling of processes of multi-particle quantum mechanics, quantum field theory and, specifically, in multi-interval boundary problems of differential equations. We show that a direct sum operator does not depend in a straightforward manner on the separate operators involved. That is, on having a set of self-adjoint operators giving a direct sum operator, we show how the spectral representation for this operator depends on the spectral representations for the individual operators (the coordinate operators) involved in forming this sum operator. In particular it is shown that this problem is not immediately solved by taking a direct sum of the spectral properties of the coordinate operators. Primarily, these results are to be applied to operators generated by a multi-interval quasi-differential system studied, in the earlier works of Ashurov, Everitt, Gesztezy, Kirsch, Markus and Zettl. The abstract approach in this paper indicates the need for further development of spectral theory for direct sum differential operators. ItemAn Abstract Approximate Controllability Result and Applications to Elliptic and Parabolic Systems with Dynamic Boundary Conditions(Southwest Texas State University, Department of Mathematics, 2001-07-11) Bejenaru, Ioan; Diaz, Jesus Ildefonso; Vrabie, Ioan I.In this paper we prove an approximate controllability result for an abstract semilinear evolution equation in a Hilbert space and we obtain as consequences the approximate controllability for some classes of elliptic and parabolic problems subjected to nonlinear, possible non monotone, dynamic boundary conditions. ItemAn Abstract Approximate Controllability Result and Applications to Elliptic and Parabolic Systems with Dynamic Boundary Conditions(Southwest Texas State University, Department of Mathematics, 2001-07-11) Bejenaru, Ioan; Diaz, Jesus Ildefonso; Vrabie, Ioan I.In this paper we prove an approximate controllability result for an abstract semilinear evolution equation in a Hilbert space and we obtain as consequences the approximate controllability for some classes of elliptic and parabolic problems subjected to nonlinear, possible non monotone, dynamic boundary conditions. ItemThe Accidental Texan: How Johnny Cuviello Became a Texas Playboy(The Center for Texas Music History, 2008) Lannon, DeirdreDrummer Johnny Cuviello had never been to Texas when he became one of Bob Willis's Texas Playboys in 1946. Neverthless, when Cuviello worked up a drum-oriented song for the band, Wills insisted on titling it "The Texas Drummer Boy." After the tune became a hit, Cuviello himself would come to be known as The Texas Drummer Boy, a nickname belying the fact that he had visited the Lone Star State only briefly while on tour with Wills. Cuviello never identified as Texan, but during his time with the Texas Playboys, the patina of a fabricated Texas cowboy image tinted his role in the band, and thus his professional identity. Ironically, the fact that he was not a true Texan, unlike many of the other band members, also may have played a role in the abrupt end of his tenure as a Texas Playboy. ItemAcoustic scattering from open cavities in the time domain(Texas State University, Department of Mathematics, 2019-12-16) Chen, Bo; Ma, Fuming; Guo, YukunThis article concerns acoustic scattering from two-dimensional open cavities in the time domain. A transparent boundary condition is provided to reformulate the problem as an equivalent initial boundary value problem in the interior region of the open cavity. The well-posedness, that is, the existence, uniqueness and stability of the solution to the reduced problem, is proved via a "Laplace domain" to time domain analysis. Moreover, time domain boundary integral equations for the reduced problem are established. ItemActive Learning, Students Who Are Academically At-Risk, and Institutional Classification(Texas State University, The Education Institute, 2021-08-04) Higgs, Meredith; Cobb, Christina; Morris, PamelaIn this study, self-reported survey results from the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) 2017 and 2018 are examined to understand the extent to which students who were academically at-risk and academically prepared engaged in active learning versus traditional learning methods across bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degree-granting institutions. The NSSE Report Builder Public (2018) was utilized to create a data set from first year student responses selecting for teaching methodologies, Carnegie Institutional Categories, and student academic level as determined by course grades. Researchers used chi-square analyses to establish associations between the variables; all chi-square results were statistically significant except for one; there was no association found between students who were academically at-risk and coursework that emphasized evaluative learning activities. Next, researchers analyzed the frequencies of types of learning activities reported by students. Students who were were academically at-risk reported lower frequencies of using active learning techniques and tended to engage in study for fewer hours across all institution types. From this analysis, suggestions for improving the instruction for students who are academically at-risk include increased use of active learning teaching strategies for the various types of degree-granting institutions. ItemAdding Value to Hydroponic Production with Oyster Mushrooms(2018-04-26) Soza, Marisol; Wendt, Eric; Mix, Kenneth D.; Wagner, NicoleSpecialty mushrooms, such as shiitakes and oysters, are a high value crop which totaled $96 million in sales in 2017. Oyster mushrooms are sold at $3.10/pound, illustrating their economic value (USDA, 2017). To produce these specialty mushrooms, specific environmental conditions are required, including high humidity and warmth. Indoor hydroponic systems are a specific type of closed operation system, which utilizes a controlled environment with moderate to high humidity and temperature to produce agricultural crops with faster turnover rates. This project explores vertically integrating a layer of high value mushroom crops into a hydroponic plant-production system to increase the economic return per area. Specifically, we will compare the viability, compatibility, and competitiveness of traditional mushroom farming to conjunctive hydroponic/mushroom production. The experimental design will have three plots, the first two of which will mimic traditional mushroom production: 1) HVAC controlled environment with no light, 2) no HVAC with no light, and 3) a Buddha Box hydroponic unit that is a controlled environment with high humidity and is lit by LEDs.